The Manor of Gatchina in the memoirs of the E.r. There

The city, like humans, have a biography. And we participate in town, wanting to benefit themselves and others. But time is inexorable and new buildings appear in place of the old. Sometimes not at all interesting to look back in time, that is, mentally restored landscape you not familiar. Us, gatčincam, in this sense, lucky, because in the collection of the Palace Museum a lot of landscape types of the old Town. This and the pictures and drawings on porcelain products.

Now the heart of the Museum is the Palace of gatchina. However, the dominant feature of the Park was the original Manor House on the site which we know as "Botanical Gardens". Repeatedly changing owners, the Manor transformed first Gatčinskuû for sister Natalia Alekseevna, Peter and subsequently handed over to official use by doctors.

In February 1734, Empress Anna ioannovna bestowed the manor with Gatčinskuû located in the villages of Ober-štalmejsteru Prince A.b. Kurakinu "in hereditary possession." In 1765, Kurakin this estate was sold, and became his Empress Catherine II. Gatchina Prisovokupivk loona village Kipen, Šungurovo, and Ropšu, Ligowo Ekaterina Alekseevna has made a generous gift to her favorite party palace coup, Grigory Grigorievich Orlov 1762.

Unfortunately, we know of London nemnagoe doorlovskogo period. There are some documents, drawings and plans. But published memoirs on the subject there. And, yet, in the pages of memoir literature some of the descriptions are present. For example, this:

"The separation from my husband and my daughter's disease have upset me so much that I found fit to change the climate; but, not wishing to be removed from St. Petersburg, where the most likely to get information about her husband, I asked svoego cousin, Prince Kurakin, permission to settle his estates in London, which is now so great.

Then there was the wonderful and značitelyû reduced road which subsequently conducted, when Empress Ekaterina bought Gatchina after the death of Prince Kurakin, Gatchina was so 60 miles from Petersburg. I went there with Mrs. Kamenskaya and my two children, and lived in London until the return of the Empress of her travels to Riga, in solitude, leaving the House only to walk into the carriage or on horseback ".

Privedeinaâ quote-from the book "notes of" E.r. There. The first publication of the memoirs was held in 1840 year-over 30 years after the death of a Russian princess. This publication was in 2 volumes, translated from French into English. English translation of the book "diary of a Princess E.r. There, written by itself" was published by a. i. Gercenom in 1859, in London. Sticky notes have subsequently published in Russia. Three editions with extensive commentary came out in the 90-ies of the twentieth century.

In the spring of 1993, in St. Petersburg to the 250 anniversary of E.r. There took place celebration. These included a series of events, including an International Conference, exhibitions, musical evenings and others. Texts of reports and statements became the basis of the compendium, published by the Russian Academy of Sciences. The book has a title: "Yekaterina Romanovna Dashkova. Research and materials "(NIA., 1996). One quote from the book: "in the summer of 1764, Dashkova with children lived in London, in the estate of A. B. Kurakin, and in the autumn returned to Petersburg to House Odara" (p. 186).

The manor was owned by the family of the Kurakin Ducal family gatchina over 30 years. On the nature and extent of data that have been published in 1765, in the announcement of the sale of the Manor of Gatchina with her 20 villages lying in proximity of each other; in their latest revision mužeska floor shower, 1180 land, arable land, forests and coppices 4309 pašetûga, hay pokosu 1183, 1909, Mossy forest swamps 5410, 114 acres of pasture ".

The main Manor House on the estate of the Kurakin Ducal family in gatchina was two-story (see: Kûčarianc D. A., Raskii A. G. Gatchina. artistic monuments. Spb., 2001). Typical for that time building with balcony and mansard roof surrounded by garden, farm buildings, living quarters for workers. «Apartments» close to multiply to the main home was built on one.

Perhaps it is a panorama of the Kurakin Ducal family manor is depicted on one of the pictures Mettenlejtera I.ya., which is on display at the Gatchina Palace Museum. Date created paintings 1792-1793 years observation point, the artist chose the signal Tower Palace, owned by then (after G. Orlov) was the Grand Duke Pavel Petrovich. In the 90-s of the 18 century held significant works of gatchina Park. Perhaps "the memory" and was commissioned the artist to this picturesque panorama of old manor houses, which were then laid out the botanical gardens.

In his memoirs, Ekaterina Dashkova little said about London. But she visited here at the age of 20 years old, with beloved children, visiting relatives. But this happened two years after the palace coup: when Catherine the great is not well: ždalas′ in the service of Catherine, whom they called "small".

Not everyone dares to write a memoir. Those who do are perfectly aware that the manuscript can be published, and it is read by both friends and foes, and outsiders. Read, wondering and condemning. Read, admiring and contemplating.

In St. Petersburg, in the Park at the Alexandria Theatre is a monument to Catherine II. At the foot of the statue of the Empress placed nine sculptural figures of eminent figures of Russia in the second half of the 18 century. Among them was one woman, with the book: this is Ekaterina Vorontsova-Dashkova, the Director of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences and President of the Russian Academy.